No life will survive the death of the sun — but new life could be born after, new research suggests

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As Earth sails through the solar system, the wind is never at our backs; at every turn, torrents of hot, charged particles called solar wind come streaming out of the sun, crashing into our planet at about 1 million mph (1.6 million km/h).

Lucky for us, Earth’s magnetic shield deflects and dismantles the harshest of these winds, allowing little more than a warm breeze to penetrate the planet’s atmosphere. For our troubles, we even get to see a colorful light show — the auroras borealis and australis, which shimmer in the sky as runaway solar particles dance toward Earth’s magnetic poles.

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